On Wednesday, November 23, the Parliament of the European Union in Strasbourg voted by a majority to adopt a resolution recognizing Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism over Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine.
By declaring Russia a state sponsor of terrorism, MEPs want to pave the way for holding Russian President Vladimir Putin and the Russian government accountable before an international tribunal, according to the European Parliament’s website.
There is no legal basis in the European Union to recognize a third country as a state sponsor of terrorism. This was noted by the European Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, during the plenary session of the European Parliament on 18 October 2022. In this context, the European Parliament’s resolution calls on the EU and its Member States to establish a legal framework to designate state sponsors of terrorism and states resorting to terrorism.
Such a definition will be fraught with severe sanctions and restrictions in relations with the EU for a particular country. After that, the Council of the EU should consider including the Russian Federation in such a list of EU sponsors of terrorism, the European Parliament believes.
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