Where and When Did the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief Start?

Published by
Peter Kavinsky

who ended the Greek occupation in Anatolia and ensured the independence of the Turkish nation. When was the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief? Significance of the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief why? Here are all the details…

When was the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief?

The Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, one of the most important stages of the Great Offensive, took place on 30 August 1922. As a result of this war, in which Greek troops were destroyed and dispersed, Turkish troops liberated Kütahya from enemy occupation on the same day.

Where was the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief?

The Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, which took place between the Turkish and Greek forces, took place in Dumlupınar, which is connected to Kütahya. What is the other name of the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief? When it is asked, the answer to be given will be the Battle of Dumlupınar, based on the place where the war was fought.

Battle of the Commander-in-Chief History

The Great Offensive, which started at 04:30 in the morning of 26 August, started with intense artillery fire and with the infantry attack that followed, Tınaztepe, Belentepe and Kalecik were liberated from the enemy occupation.

In the evening hours of the same day, Turkish cavalry managed to infiltrate behind the Greek front and managed to break the communication line between Afyon and the Greek headquarters in Izmir.

Trikopis, the commander of the Greek armies, decided that his only chance was to make a sudden night attack on the Turkish troops after these developments, and that night the 4th Greek infantry division was disbanded by the Turkish troops.

On the morning of 27 August, when the 4th Infantry Division was added to the heavy losses of the 1st Greek Infantry Division, the Greek Front was completely split and the Greek army began to withdraw to the northwest.

The Greek army, which started to retreat towards Dumlupınar, arose a great management and administration problem. The clashes between the Turkish troops and the Greek armies between 28 and 30 August also prevented the Greeks from taking positions. Taking advantage of the conditions of the Greek army on 30 August, the 2nd Turkish Army managed to enter the gap between the Greek troops and the Greek troops were destroyed and dispersed in the battle that lasted until 19:30 on 30 August.

In the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, which took place on 30 August, the 4th and 12th Greek divisions were completely destroyed and the Greek commander Trikopis was taken prisoner. In addition, after this victory, Turkish troops entered Kütahya on the same day and saved it from enemy occupation.

After this war, the remaining Greek troops started to flee towards Izmir and Turkish troops were also told by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, “Armies, your first target is the Mediterranean; Forward!” He followed the Greek troops with the order.

Commander-in-Chief Field Battle Commanders

  • Mustafa Kemal Pasha
  • Ismet Pasha
  • Fevzi Pasha
  • Fahrettin Pasha
  • Yakup Şevki Pasha
  • Nurettin Pasha

Causes of the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief

The main reasons for the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, which took place on August 30, 1922, were the destruction of the Greek army and the cleansing of the country from enemy occupation.

Battle of the Commander-in-Chief Results

  • Most of the Greek army was destroyed.
  • The remaining units of the Greek armies began to retreat towards the Izmir region.
  • Trikopis, the commander of the Greek army, was taken prisoner.
  • The Turkish army, pursuing the retreating Greek troops, entered Izmir on 9 September.
  • After İzmir, Bursa, Karacabey, Urla, Çeşme, Bandırma and Erdek were cleared from enemy occupation.
  • Greek troops left Anatolia on 18 September 1922.

The Importance of the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief

With the Battle of the Commander-in-Chief, the Greek forces were almost completely destroyed and thus the Greek occupation in Anatolia came to an end.

Peter Kavinsky

Peter Kavinsky is the Executive Editor at cablefreetv.org

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